Analyzing Somalia\’s Passport Rank: A Global Comparison

Analyzing Somalia’s Passport Rank: A Global Comparison

Somalia, a country located in the Horn of Africa, has been facing economic and political problems for decades. As a result, its passport has been considered one of the least powerful in the world. In this article, we will analyze Somalia’s passport rank in a global comparison and understand the factors that influence it.

Introduction to Passport Ranking

Passport ranking is a system that compares the strength of passports by measuring the number of countries their holders can visit without a visa or with visa-on-arrival. The more countries a passport can access, the higher it ranks. The Passport Index, Henley Passport Index, and the Global Passport Power Rank are some of the popular passport ranking indexes.

Context of Somalia’s Passport

Somalia has been in a state of turmoil since its government collapsed in 1991. A civil war has ensued since then, with factions fighting for control of the country. This has led to an unstable political climate, poverty, and low economic growth. The situation has also resulted in a weak diplomatic network, leading to Somalia’s limited international relations.

Somalia Passport Rank

According to the Henley Passport Index, Somalia ranks 107th out of 110 countries. Somali passport holders can access only 33 countries visa-free or with a visa-on-arrival. In comparison, Japan which holds the top position on the index, has visa-free access to 191 countries.

Factors Influencing Somalia’s Passport Rank

1. Political Factors: Somalia’s passport ranking is adversely affected by its unstable political climate brought about by the ongoing civil war. The lack of a stable government in Somalia leads to weak diplomatic relationships with other countries, which results in limited access for its passport holders.

2. Security Issues: Somalia’s security challenges also play a significant role in its passport ranking. The country is known to have high levels of terrorism and piracy, leading to security concerns from other countries.

3. Economic Factors: Low economic growth has also impacted Somalia’s passport ranking. The economy has been affected mainly by the conflict and political instability, leading to poverty and a low human development index. This has significantly limited the country’s ability to develop diplomatic relations with other nations.

4. Visa Agreement: Visa agreements are critical in determining a country’s passport ranking. Somalia has limited visa agreements with other countries due to political and security issues, which has significantly impacted its passport’s strength.

Comparison of Somalia’s Passport Rank with Other African Countries

In Africa, Somalia’s passport ranks among the weakest. It only ranks ahead of Eritrea, Libya, and Sudan. Among other East African countries, Somalia ranks the lowest, with countries such as Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania ranking higher.


1. What is Somalia’s position in the Henley Passport Index?

Somalia ranks 107th out of 110 countries.

2. How many countries can Somali passport-holders access visa-free or with a visa-on-arrival?

Somali passport holders can access only 33 countries visa-free or with a visa-on-arrival.

3. What is the main reason for Somalia’s weak passport ranking?

Political instability and lack of stable government are the main reasons for Somalia’s weak passport ranking.

4. Which African countries have stronger passports than Somalia?

Countries such as Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, and South Africa have stronger passports than Somalia.

5. Is there any possibility of Somalia’s passport ranking improving in the future?

With a stable government and improved security and economic conditions, Somalia’s passport ranking may improve in the future.


In conclusion, Somalia’s passport rank is one of the weakest globally and is adversely affected by its political instability, security concerns, low economic growth, and limited visa agreements with other countries. The country’s situation highlights the importance of stability and good diplomatic relationships in improving passport ranking.

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