and National Symbols

National Symbols: A Proud Display of National Identity

National symbols are representations of a country’s identity and its heritage. They are a reflection of a country’s history, culture, traditions, and values. These symbols serve as a source of national pride for its citizens and help in establishing a sense of belongingness towards the nation.

A country’s national symbols can be a flag, an emblem, a national anthem, national animal, bird, flower, tree, or any other object that represents the country and its people. Let’s delve a little deeper into some of the common national symbols that we see around the world.

National Flag

A national flag is an essential national symbol. It represents the sovereignty, independence, and unity of a country. The flags of different countries have unique and distinctive designs and colors, which represent different aspects of the country’s history, values, and culture.

For instance, the flag of the United States has 50 white stars and 13 stripes representing its 50 states and 13 founding colonies. Similarly, the Indian national flag has three colors, saffron, white, and green, and the wheel of the law at its center, symbolizing the country’s struggle for freedom and its commitment to democracy.

National Emblem

A national emblem is a visual representation of a country’s political unity. It is an official symbol used on government documents, currency, official seals, and other official documents. The national emblem is usually a combination of significant symbols that reflect the country’s history, culture, and traditions.

The national emblem of India is an adaptation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which was built in the third century BCE. The emblem has four lions standing back to back and a Dharma Chakra. The lions represent power, courage, pride, and confidence, while the Dharma Chakra represents the country’s commitment to its religious beliefs and its emphasis on non-violence.

National Anthem

A national anthem is a ceremonial song that represents a country’s patriotism and pride. It is usually played at official ceremonies, national sporting events, and other significant occasions. The national anthem is a form of expression for the country’s values, its history, and its aspirations.

The national anthem of the United States, “The Star-Spangled Banner,” was written by Francis Scott Key during the War of 1812. The song celebrates the American flag and the people who fought to defend it. Similarly, the Indian national anthem, “Jana Gana Mana,” was written by Rabindranath Tagore and celebrates the diversity and unity of the country.

National Animal, Bird, Flower, and Tree

A country’s national animal, bird, flower, and tree are selected based on their cultural significance, historical importance, and ecological value.

For instance, the Bald Eagle is the national bird of the United States and is a symbol of freedom and independence. Similarly, India’s national animal is the Bengal Tiger, which represents its strength, agility, and power. Japan’s national flower is the cherry blossom, which symbolizes the fleeting nature of life and the beauty of spring.


Q. What is a national symbol?
A. A national symbol is a representation of a country’s identity and national heritage. It includes a flag, emblem, national anthem, animal, bird, flower, tree, or any other object that represents the country and its people.

Q. Why do countries have national symbols?
A. National symbols serve as a source of national pride and help establish a sense of belongingness towards a country.

Q. Who selects a country’s national symbols?
A. The national symbols of a country are usually selected by the government or through a democratic process.

Q. Can a country have more than one national symbol?
A. Yes, a country can have multiple national symbols.

Q. Do all countries have national symbols?
A. No, not all countries have national symbols. However, most countries have them as an expression of their national identity and culture.

In conclusion, national symbols are an essential part of a country’s identity and heritage. They represent a country’s values, history, and aspirations and serve as a source of pride for its citizens. The selection of national symbols is usually a democratic process that involves the people. National symbols are a display of a country’s diversity and unity and help in promoting a sense of belongingness and patriotism towards the nation.