Application and Conditions for Russian Citizenship

Application and Conditions for Russian Citizenship

Obtaining Russian citizenship is a long and complicated process involving multiple requirements and documentation. If you are a foreign national living in Russia and wish to obtain citizenship, this article will provide you with the necessary information to get started.

Conditions for Russian Citizenship

Before applying for Russian citizenship, you must meet certain conditions. The primary requirements are:

  • You must be at least 18 years old.
  • You must have lived in Russia as a permanent resident for at least five years.
  • You must have cleared the Russian language test (for non-Russian speakers).
  • You must have a clean criminal record.
  • You must be willing to renounce any other citizenship you currently hold (if required by Russian law).

The Application Process

The application process for obtaining Russian citizenship can be lengthy and complicated. Here are the steps you need to take:

  1. Get in touch with the Main Directorate for Migration Affairs (GUVM), which is responsible for dealing with citizenship issues.
  2. Provide the necessary documents, including a valid passport, migration card, and proof of residence in Russia.
  3. Take a language test and receive confirmation of your level of proficiency.
  4. Collect additional documents, such as your education credentials, employment history, and proof of your financial means to support yourself.
  5. Submit your application to the GUVM office in person.
  6. Wait for a response from the GUVM, which may take several months.
  7. If your application is approved, take an oath of allegiance to Russia and receive your citizenship certificate.


How long does it take to obtain Russian citizenship?

The process can take several months, although the timeline can vary depending on the circumstances.

What if I have already renounced my previous citizenship?

If you have already renounced your previous citizenship, you may still need to provide documentation proving this fact.

Is it possible to obtain Russian citizenship without giving up my previous citizenship?

In some cases, dual citizenship is allowed in Russia, but this is not always the case. Check with the GUVM to find out what the current policy is.

What happens if my application is rejected?

If your application is rejected, you may be able to appeal the decision. Alternatively, you may be able to reapply after a certain period of time has elapsed.

Is there any way to expedite the process?

In some cases, it may be possible to expedite the process for obtaining Russian citizenship. However, this will depend on the individual circumstances and cannot be guaranteed.

Can I apply for citizenship on behalf of my children?

If you are a parent of a minor child, you can apply for citizenship for your child at the same time as you apply for yourself.

Do I need to speak Russian in order to obtain citizenship?

If you are not a native speaker of Russian, you will need to take a language test as part of the citizenship application process.

What is the cost of obtaining Russian citizenship?

The cost of obtaining Russian citizenship is not fixed and can vary depending on the individual circumstances. Contact the GUVM for information on the current fees.

Can I apply for citizenship online?

At present, it is not possible to apply for Russian citizenship online. All applications must be submitted in person at a GUVM office.

Will I lose my Russian citizenship if I leave the country?

It is possible to lose your Russian citizenship if you leave the country for an extended period of time. However, this will depend on the specific circumstances and the policies in place at the time.


Obtaining Russian citizenship is a complex process that involves meeting certain conditions, collecting specific documentation, and undergoing various tests and examinations. It is essential to understand the requirements and follow the necessary steps in order to increase your chances of success. If you have further questions about obtaining Russian citizenship, contact the GUVM office for assistance.