Bern: Understanding the Capital of Switzerland

Bern: Understanding the Capital of Switzerland

Bern is the capital city of Switzerland and is located in the western part of the country. It is one of the most charming cities in Europe, known for its well-preserved medieval architecture and unique beauty. It has a population of over 140,000 people and is the fifth-largest city in the country.

The city is situated on a plateau surrounded by the Aare River, which provides scenic views and outdoor recreation opportunities for locals and tourists alike. Bern is also renowned for its high quality of life, excellent infrastructure, and its international reputation as a leading center of culture and politics.

History of Bern

The city of Bern has a rich history dating back to the medieval ages. It was founded in 1191 by Duke Berchtold V of Zähringen, who named the city after a bear that he had hunted in the area. The bear became the symbol of the city and is still present in the city’s coat of arms.

During the 16th century, Bern became an important center of the Swiss Reformation. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the city underwent significant urban development and expansion. It was during this time that most of the famous landmarks and buildings in the city were constructed.

In 1848, Bern was selected as the capital of the new Swiss Confederation. Since then, the city has evolved into a modern metropolis that still retains its historical charm.

Things to Do in Bern

Bern offers numerous attractions and activities for tourists to enjoy. Some of the must-visit places in the city include:

The Old Town

The old town of Bern is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is famous for its well-preserved medieval buildings and cobbled streets. The Zytglogge tower and the Bear Pit are popular tourist destinations in the Old Town.

The Rose Garden

The Rose Garden is located on a hill that overlooks the Old Town and the Aare River. It offers breathtaking views of the city and is an excellent spot for a picnic or photo opportunity.

The Federal Palace of Switzerland

The Federal Palace of Switzerland is the seat of the Swiss government and is open to visitors for guided tours. It is an impressive building with a beautiful terrace that overlooks the Aare River.

Food and Drink in Bern

Bern is known for its culinary specialties, including the famous Bernese Platter. The platter consists of various cold cuts, cheeses, and pickles and is usually served with rye bread. Another local delicacy is rosti, a dish made of potatoes and served with different toppings such as cheese, bacon, and vegetables.

Beer is a popular drink in Bern, and the city is home to numerous breweries that offer guided tours and tastings. One of the best-known breweries in Bern is the Brasserie Federal, which produces a range of high-quality beers.


What is the population of Bern?

The population of Bern is over 140,000 people.

What is Bern famous for?

Bern is famous for its well-preserved medieval architecture, the Bear Pit, and the Rose Garden.

What is the Bernese Platter?

The Bernese Platter is a culinary specialty of Bern, consisting of various cold cuts, cheeses, and pickles and is usually served with rye bread

What is the best time to visit Bern?

The best time to visit Bern is from June to August, when the weather is warm and sunny, and there are plenty of outdoor activities to enjoy.

Is Bern expensive?

Bern is considered one of the more expensive cities in Switzerland, but it is still cheaper than cities like Zurich and Geneva.

What is the language spoken in Bern?

The official language of Bern is Swiss German, but many people also speak French and English.

How do I get to Bern?

Bern can be easily reached by train or by flying into Bern-Belp airport, which is located approximately 6 kilometers from the city center.