Exploring the Culture and History of Bucharest: A Guide to Romania’s Vibrant Capital

Bucharest, affectionately known as the “Paris of the East,” is an engaging city with a rich history, vibrant culture, and a dynamic, yet complicated atmosphere. The bustling city is the largest and most populous in Romania and serves as the country’s political, cultural, and economic center. As a result, it’s a great destination for anyone seeking to experience the quintessential Eastern European art, history, and architecture, combined with modern urban adventures. In this guide, we will take an in-depth look at Bucharest and provide essential information that all tourists need before stepping foot in Romania’s bustling capital:


Bucharest’s history dates back centuries, with a medley of cultures and civilizations molding the city into the unique place it is today. The first recorded mention of Bucharest dates back to 1459 when Prince Vlad III Dracula, who inspired Bram Stoker’s infamous Count Dracula, ordered the construction of a fortress called the Old Court. However, it wasn’t until the 19th century that Bucharest began to undergo its most significant period of development. Bordered by French architects and engineers, the city went through a period of modernization that transformed it into a charming, scenic and intellectual destination. Unfortunately, the two world wars and decades of Communist rule that ensued left Bucharest relatively rundown, but its pre-communist glory remains visible to this day, providing a range of historic and significant landmarks that represent the multi-faceted nature of its past.


Bucharest’s culture is a vivid amalgam of old and new, where visitors can immerse themselves in the city’s history while still enjoying modern urban tours. The city is home to some of the finest museums, galleries, and theaters in Romania, with the vibrant cultural scene creating a diversified and exciting atmosphere throughout the city. Bucharest National Opera, the Palace of the Parliament, and the Romanian Athenaeum are just a few examples of the city’s cultural gems, all of which play an integral part in shaping Bucharest’s allure as a cultural destination.


Bucharest is renowned across Europe for its architectural heritage. The city’s most famous architectural style is Bucharest’s Neo-Romanian, which developed in the early 20th century and can be seen in several buildings throughout the city. However, the architecture here is anything but stagnant. On one side of the city, visitors can see majestic and monumental buildings such as the Palace of the Parliament, the second-largest administrative complex in the world, while some other parts of the city display Bucharest’s Art Deco buildings, adorned with intricate details and intricate features. Visitors may also witness the traces of the brutalist architecture that spread throughout the city in the final years of Communist rule.


Food in Bucharest is not to be missed. Romanian cuisine is a dynamic amalgamation of Balkan, Hungarian, and Turkish influences, blending absolute culinary identity. Restaurants range from traditional to modern places, offering a plethora of options to varying appetites. Romanian cuisine is not just about soups, stews, and meat dishes. It includes typical Romanian street foods such as mititei or grilled-sausages and covrigi or pretzels. Papanasi, a pastry, covered in sour cream and jam is another highly popular sweet treat.


When it comes to nightlife, Bucharest does not disappoint. Whether you want a swanky bar, a bustling club, a relaxed coffee shop, or an elegant lounge, the city has virtually everything to satisfy all tastes. Lipscani, the Old Town district, communicates the city’s vibrant, multi-layered, and exciting scene with numerous bars, traditional pubs, and nightclubs open until dawn. Bucharest’s nightlife gives visitors a chance to explore the city’s rhythm and feel the energy that radiates from its night lights.


Q) What is the best time to visit Bucharest?

A) Bucharest can be visited all year round. The best time to visit Bucharest is during the spring (late March –early June) when the temperature is mild or during the autumn (late September –November) when the city is surrounded by fall foliage.

Q) How do I get around Bucharest?

A) Bucharest has a good transport system consisting of the metro, buses, and trams. Tourists can purchase a Travel card, which can be used for all modes of transport and offers unlimited travel.

Q) Can I use Euro currency in Bucharest?

A) No, Romania has its national currency called the Leu (RON), which is the only legal tender accepted throughout the country.

Q) What are the top attractions in Bucharest?

A) There are several attractions to visit in Bucharest, including the Palace of the Parliament, the Romanian Athenaeum, the Village Museum, and the National Museum of Art of Romania.

Whether you’re interested in the city’s history, architecture, culture, or nightlife, Bucharest offers an unforgettable experience. From the grandeur of the Palace of the Parliament to the bustling streets of the Old Town, Bucharest is a destination with an endless array of possibilities that await discovery.