Canada Immigration Test and Score Calculation: A Comprehensive Guide

Canada Immigration Test and Score Calculation: A Comprehensive Guide

If you are planning to immigrate to Canada, you will be required to take the Canadian immigration test also known as the Express Entry system. This test is the doorway to getting permanent residency in Canada. The Express Entry System is a points-based system, where you will be assessed on your language proficiency, age, education, work experience, and other aspects relevant to your ability to be successful in Canada. In this article, we will delve into the Canada immigration test and score calculation, so that you can have a better understanding of the process.

What is Canada Immigration Test?

Canada Immigration Test is a points-based system that gives a score to potential immigrants. The system is called the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) and is used to rank candidates who are eligible for the Express Entry pool. After submitting your Express Entry profile, you will receive a CRS score, which ranks you against other candidates in the pool. The highest-ranked candidates are invited to apply for permanent residency.

The Score Calculation System

The Comprehensive Ranking System awards points for different factors that are known to contribute to the success of immigrants in Canada. These include:

1. Age Factor

Candidates are awarded points based on their age at the time of application, with more points being awarded to younger candidates. The maximum points awarded for age is 110, with those aged between 20-29 securing the highest points.

2. Language Proficiency

Language proficiency is scored out of 28 points. Candidates will be required to provide language test scores from a designated language testing agency such as the International English Language Testing System (IELTS). They assess the candidate’s ability to speak, listen, read, and write in English or French. Candidates with higher language proficiency will secure more points.

3. Education and Qualification

Education is scored out of 150 points, and candidates are assessed based on the degree or diploma they hold, the number of years they attended school, and the field of study. Higher points are awarded for candidates who have completed a Master’s or Ph.D. degree. Points are also awarded for additional qualifications such as professional training and certificates that are recognized in Canada.

4. Work Experience

Work experience in Canada and abroad is scored out of 80 points. Candidates must provide proof of their work experience, including the nature of the job, the duration, and the skills and responsibilities involved. More points are awarded for candidates who have work experience in an occupation that is in high demand in Canada.

5. Additional Factors

Additional factors such as a job offer in Canada, provincial nomination, and language proficiency of a spouse can also contribute to a candidate’s CRS score.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Can I improve my CRS score?

Yes. Candidates can improve their CRS score by improving their language proficiency, obtaining additional education and qualifications, and gaining more work experience.

2. What is the minimum CRS score needed to receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residency?

There is no minimum CRS score for receiving an ITA as the score is relative to the pool of candidates. The government of Canada sets a minimum CRS score for each draw, and candidates who have a CRS score that meets or exceeds the set CRS score will receive an ITA.

3. Can I submit multiple Express Entry profiles to increase my chances of being invited to apply for permanent residency?

No. Candidates can submit only one Express Entry profile at a time. Creating multiple profiles can lead to disqualification.

4. Can I apply for permanent residency without a job offer in Canada?

Yes. Having a job offer in Canada is not mandatory to apply for permanent residency. However, having a job offer can significantly increase your CRS score, which can improve your chances of being invited to apply for permanent residency.

5. How long is the Express Entry profile valid for?

The Express Entry profile is valid for one year. Candidates who do not receive an Invitation to Apply within a year can resubmit their profile if they are still eligible.


The Canada Immigration Test and score calculation system is a vital part of the Canadian immigration process. It requires candidates to be well prepared and informed on the requirements and how the CRS score is calculated. By following the guidelines and improving their score, candidates can increase their chances of being invited to apply for permanent residency.

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