Demographics: Understanding the Mexican Population

Demographics: Understanding the Mexican Population

Mexico, a country located in North America, is known for its rich cultural heritage, stunning beaches, and delicious cuisine. It is also the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world, with a population of over 126 million people as of 2021. In this article, we will delve into the demographics of Mexico and gain a better understanding of the Mexican population.

Population Size and Growth

Mexico is the 11th most populous country in the world, and its population has been rapidly growing over the years. In 1950, Mexico’s population was 25.8 million, which has since quadrupled to over 126 million in 2021. The population growth rate has slowed down slightly, with a 1.2% increase from 2020 to 2021, but Mexico’s population is projected to continue growing for the foreseeable future.

Age Structure

Mexico has a relatively young population, with a median age of 29 years. 54% of the population is between 15 and 44 years old, while only 8% of the population is over 65. Mexico’s youthfulness can be attributed to its high birth rate and improving healthcare system. The aging population is still a concern in the country, though, as there may not be enough resources and support for the elderly in the future.

Gender Ratio

The gender ratio in Mexico is relatively balanced, with slightly more females than males. As of 2021, there are 64 million females and 62 million males in the country. The gender ratio varies by age group, with a higher proportion of females than males in older age groups. This can be attributed to the fact that females tend to have a longer life expectancy than males.


Mexico is a multicultural and multiethnic country, with a diverse population. The majority of Mexicans (62%) identify as Mestizo, which refers to those of mixed indigenous and Spanish heritage. Mexico’s indigenous population is the second-largest group, making up 21% of the population. Afro-Mexicans, descendants of African slaves, make up 1% of the population. Other ethnic groups in Mexico include European (1%), Asian (less than 1%), and unspecified (15%).


The majority of Mexicans (81%) identify as Roman Catholic, making it the largest religion in the country. However, there is a growing trend towards secularity in Mexico, with around 10% of the population identifying as atheist or agnostic. Other religions in Mexico include Protestantism, Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism.


Mexico has made significant progress in improving its education system over the years. As of 2021, approximately 93% of the population over 15 years old can read and write. However, the quality of education varies significantly between urban and rural areas, with children in rural areas often receiving a lower quality of education. The Mexican government has committed to increasing education spending to address this issue.


1. What is the birth rate in Mexico?
As of 2021, the birth rate in Mexico is 2.1 children per woman.

2. What is the life expectancy in Mexico?
The life expectancy in Mexico is 75 years for males and 79 years for females.

3. What is the unemployment rate in Mexico?
As of 2021, the unemployment rate in Mexico is 4.4%.

4. What is the income level in Mexico?
The median income in Mexico is around $9,000 USD per year.

5. What are the major cities in Mexico?
The largest cities in Mexico include Mexico City, Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, and Tijuana.

In conclusion, understanding the demographics of Mexico is crucial for businesses, policymakers, and anyone interested in Mexico. The country’s population is diverse and rapidly growing, with a relatively young population. There are also significant disparities in education and income levels between urban and rural areas. By understanding these demographic trends, we can work towards creating a more equitable and prosperous Mexico.