Economics in Malta and Major Sectors

Economics in Malta: Major Sectors and their Contribution to the Country’s Economy

Malta is a small island nation in the Mediterranean, with a population of just over 500,000. Despite its small size, Malta has developed a diverse economy that has seen it grow into a prosperous country with a GDP of over $14 billion. In this article, we will explore the major sectors that contribute to Malta’s economy and how they have helped the country sustain its economic growth.

Industry Sector

The industry sector is one of Malta’s major economic drivers, accounting for over 17% of the country’s GDP. The industry sector in Malta comprises a broad range of industries, including manufacturing, construction, and mining.

Manufacturing is the biggest sub-sector within the industry, accounting for 11% of Malta’s GDP. The main industries within this sector include food and beverage production and pharmaceuticals. In recent years, Malta has become a major hub for the production of generic drugs, with companies such as Actavis and Teva having established extensive facilities on the island.

The construction industry has also played a significant role in Malta’s economy. Due to a growing population and demand for modern infrastructure, there has been an influx of construction projects on the island over the past decade. This has resulted in significant growth within the sector, with a GDP contribution of 4%.

Tourism Sector

Tourism is another key contributor to Malta’s economy, accounting for over 27% of the country’s GDP. The sector is responsible for significant employment opportunities both directly and indirectly. The industry has seen a steady growth over the past few years with the number of visitors increasing from 1.8 million in 2014 to over 2.8 million in 2019.

The Maltese government has also invested heavily in the development of the tourism industry, with projects such as the Malta Tourism Authority and Malta International Airport. Also, the hospitality industry has seen new investments with the construction and expansion of new hotels, resorts, and restaurants.

Financial Services Sector

Malta has emerged as a significant hub for financial services in Europe, contributing almost 12% of the country’s GDP. The financial services sector is made up of various industries, including banking, insurance, and private wealth management.

In recent years, Malta has become particularly renowned for its favorable tax regime, which has made it an attractive destination for international companies looking to establish a presence in Europe. The country has numerous legal and financial service providers offering company formation, accounting, and legal advisory services. Therefore, it is no surprise that several reputable international banks such as HSBC and BNP Paribas operate on the island.

Agriculture Sector

The agriculture sector is relatively small in Malta, contributing only 1.5% of the country’s GDP. However, it still plays an essential role in the country’s economy, particularly in rural villages. Malta is an important producer of citrus fruits and domestically produced vegetables.

The Maltese government has established policies and initiatives aimed at supporting the agriculture sector, particularly reducing the country’s reliance on imported food. For example, the government has launched campaigns for the growth of niche products which have a high demand locally such as local honey, extra virgin olive oil, and almonds.


What is the current state of Malta’s economy?

Malta’s economy has been growing steadily over the past decade, with a GDP growth of over 5% in 2019. The nation has continued to maintain a stable macroeconomic environment and has one of the lowest unemployment rates in Europe.

What are the biggest industries in Malta?

The three leading industries in Malta are manufacturing, tourism, and financial services.

What are the initiatives undertaken by the government to boost the economy?

The Government of Malta has established various policies and initiatives aimed at supporting the economy, including investment in infrastructure and the development of key sectors such as tourism and financial services.

What are the investment opportunities available in Malta?

Malta offers numerous investment opportunities, particularly in the tourism, manufacturing, and financial services sectors. The government has also established several incentives and initiatives aimed at attracting international ventures and startups, including tax breaks and subsidies.

Is the agriculture sector of any significance to Malta’s economy?

Although relatively small, the agriculture sector plays an essential role in the local economy, particularly in rural areas and domestic food supply. There are growth potentials in niche products such as olive oil, honey, and almonds which are produced locally.

What are the challenges faced by Malta’s economy?

One of the main challenges faced by Malta’s economy is its dependence on a limited number of sectors, notably the tourism and financial industries. Breaching diversification is necessary to avoid susceptibility to external shocks. The country is also grappling with the management of its landfilling and waste management capacity, which is associated with the tourism industry.