Essential Conditions to Settle in Canada
Canada is one of the most attractive destinations for those seeking a better standard of living, multicultural opportunities, and high-quality education and healthcare systems. The country also offers a stable economy, low crime rates, and an abundance of natural beauty. To settle in Canada permanently, there are certain conditions that need to be met.
Eligibility Criteria for Permanent Residency
To become a permanent resident of Canada, an individual must meet the eligibility criteria outlined by the Canadian government. The requirements are as follows:
All applicants for permanent residency must meet the language abilities criteria of the Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB). They must provide evidence that they are proficient in either English or French at a specific level. Various language tests, such as IELTS or CELPIP, are widely accepted.
Education and Work Experience
A candidate must have completed at least a high school-level education, or its equivalent, and provide proof of it. Additionally, the candidate must have at least one year of relevant work experience in their field, which should be NOC (National Occupational Classification) skill level 0, A, or B.
Medical and Security Clearance
All permanent residency applicants must pass a medical exam by an approved doctor and provide police certificates from every country they have lived in for more than six months over the past ten years. The security clearance is obtained by providing fingerprints and submitting relevant identification documents.
Proof of Funds
The Canadian government requires applicants to have sufficient funds to support themselves and their dependents upon arrival in Canada. The exact amount varies depending upon the size of the family, and it is recommended to have enough funds for at least six to twelve months of living expenses.
What are the pathways to permanent residency in Canada?
There are several ways to obtain permanent residency in Canada. The most common ones are:
Express Entry is an online-based system that manages applications for three immigration programs: the Federal Skilled Worker Program, the Federal Skilled Trades Program, and the Canadian Experience Class. The system uses a points-based system to evaluate candidates’ eligibility.
Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
Each province and territory of Canada has its own PNP, which nominates candidates for permanent residency. The eligibility requirements and application process vary by province.
Family Class Sponsorship
Canadian citizens and permanent residents can sponsor their eligible family members to come to Canada as permanent residents.
Can I apply for permanent residency if I am already in Canada on a work permit or study permit?
Yes, you can. You can apply through the Canadian Experience Class or the Provincial Nominee Program.
What is the minimum level of language proficiency required to apply for permanent residency?
You must score at least CLB level 7 in English or French in all four language abilities: reading, writing, speaking, and listening.
How long does it take to obtain permanent residency in Canada?
The processing time varies depending on the program and the applicant’s country of origin. Generally, it takes between six to twelve months, but it can take longer.
What happens after I receive my permanent residency?
Once you become a permanent resident, you have the rights and privileges to live, work, and study anywhere in Canada. You can also access healthcare and social services and apply for Canadian citizenship after spending three years in Canada as a permanent resident.
Can I lose my permanent residency status?
Yes, you can lose your permanent residency status if you don’t meet the residency obligation, which means spending at least 730 days (two out of five years) in Canada. Additionally, if you commit a serious crime, the Canadian government can revoke your status and deport you.
Canada is a great place to live, work, and study. Applying for permanent residency may seem complicated, but with thorough research and preparation, it can be a smooth process. Ensure you meet the eligibility criteria and choose the best pathway that suits your needs. It’s important to note that obtaining permanent residency is a major decision that will impact your life, so it’s always wise to seek professional advice before applying.