Exploring Riga: The Capital of Latvia

Exploring Riga: The Capital of Latvia

Riga, the charming capital city of Latvia, is a delightful blend of historic and modern attractions. The city has a fascinating history, breathtaking architecture, an exceptional food scene, and a lively cultural scene. Riga is also the largest city in the Baltic States, making it a vital hub for tourism, business, and cultural exchange in the region.

The Old Town of Riga is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is home to some of the city’s most iconic landmarks. The city is also known for its beautiful parks, art nouveau buildings, and the River Daugava, which runs through the city.

Getting to Riga

Riga is well-connected to major cities in Europe, making it easy to reach by air, train, or bus. Riga International Airport is the largest airport in the Baltic States, with daily flights to and from major European cities. High-speed trains connect Riga to major cities in the Baltics, including Vilnius, Tallinn, and St. Petersburg. Bus services also operate between Riga and other cities in the region.

Getting Around Riga

The best way to explore Riga is on foot. The city center is quite compact and easy to navigate, with most of the major tourist attractions within a short walking distance of each other. Visitors can also use public transportation, including trams, buses, and trolleybuses. Taxis are also available, but they can be expensive.

Top Tourist Attractions in Riga

Riga has something to offer for everyone. Here are some of the top tourist attractions in Riga:

The Old Town

The Old Town of Riga is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the most beautiful parts of the city. Visitors can wander through the cobblestone streets, admire the architecture, and visit some of the city’s top landmarks, including the Riga Castle, St. Peter’s Church, and the House of the Blackheads.

Art Nouveau District

Riga is known for its beautiful Art Nouveau architecture, and the Art Nouveau District is a must-visit for architecture enthusiasts. The district features several buildings designed by prominent architects, including Mikhail Eisenstein, Konstantīns Pēkšēns, and Eižens Laube.

Central Market

The Central Market of Riga is one of the largest markets in Europe and is housed in five historic pavilions. Visitors can buy fresh produce, meat, and fish, as well as traditional Latvian food and souvenirs.

Riga Cathedral

Riga Cathedral is the largest church in the Baltics and is one of the most significant landmarks in the city. The cathedral is a magnificent Gothic structure that dates back to the 13th century.

Riga Castle

Riga Castle is a grand residence that has been the official residence of the President of Latvia since 1922. The castle has a fascinating history, having been invaded and destroyed several times over the centuries.

Where to Stay in Riga

Riga has a wide range of accommodation options, from budget hostels to luxury hotels. Visitors can choose to stay in the city center, where most of the major attractions are located, or in quieter neighborhoods outside the city center.

City Center

The city center is the most popular place to stay in Riga and has several hotels, hostels, and apartments to choose from. Some of the popular hotels in the city center include Hotel Neiburgs, Grand Palace Hotel, and Radisson Blu Latvija Conference & Spa Hotel.


Jurmala is a seaside resort town located 25 kilometers from Riga. It is a popular destination for tourists looking to escape the hustle and bustle of the city. Jurmala has several hotels and guesthouses, including the Baltic Beach Hotel & SPA, Kurshi Hotel & Spa, and Good Stay Eiropa Hotel.

What to Eat in Riga

Latvian cuisine is hearty and flavorful, and Riga has a vibrant food scene with several restaurants, cafes, and bars serving traditional Latvian dishes as well as international cuisine. Here are some of the must-try dishes in Riga:

Rigas Balsams

Rigas Balsams is a popular Latvian herbal liqueur that is often enjoyed as an aperitif or digestif. It is made from a blend of natural ingredients, including ginger, linden blossom, caraway, and anise.

Grey Peas and Bacon

Grey Peas and Bacon is a staple dish in Latvian cuisine, and it is often served as a side dish or as a main course. The dish is made from boiled peas, topped with crispy bacon, and served with sour cream and a slice of rye bread.


Piragi are traditional Latvian pastries that are filled with bacon, onions, and sometimes carrots. They are typically served as a snack or as a side dish.


What is the best time to visit Riga?

The best time to visit Riga is from May to September when the weather is warm, and there are several outdoor events and activities. However, Riga is beautiful throughout the year, and each season has its own charm.

How safe is Riga?

Riga is a safe city for tourists, and violent crime is rare. However, visitors should take standard precautions, such as keeping an eye on their belongings and avoiding unlit or deserted areas at night.

What is the currency used in Riga?

The currency used in Riga is the euro.

Do people speak English in Riga?

English is widely spoken in Riga, especially in the tourist areas, hotels, and restaurants.

Is it safe to drink tap water in Riga?

Yes, tap water in Riga is safe to drink, and bottled water is not necessary.