Exploring the Mexican Education System

Exploring the Mexican Education System

Mexico has undergone significant changes in its education system since the late 1990s, with the aim of improving the quality of education, increasing enrollment rates, and reducing inequalities. Mexico has made notable progress in expanding access to education, eliminating illiteracy, and achieving gender parity in primary, secondary, and higher education.

Here’s a closer look at some of the key aspects of the Mexican education system.

1. The Structure of the Education System

The Mexican education system is structured into three levels: primary, secondary, and higher education. Primary education covers grades one through six, while secondary education covers grades seven through twelve. Higher education is divided into two categories: technical or higher professional education, which includes technical colleges and vocational schools, and higher education, which includes universities.

2. Enrollment Rates

Mexico places great importance on education and has made steady progress in expanding access to schooling. Enrollment rates have increased significantly over recent years, with 99.3% of children enrolled in primary education, 80.7% of adolescents enrolled in secondary education, and 35.3% enrolled in higher education.

3. Curriculum and Teaching Methods

Mexico has a national curriculum that covers a range of subjects, including math, science, language, and social studies. Education is conducted in Spanish, the official language of Mexico.The method of teaching can vary from school to school, but it usually involves a combination of lectures, group work, and practical assignments.

In recent years, the Mexican education system has been focusing on incorporating modern teaching techniques that include the use of technology, project-based learning, and interactive teaching approaches.

4. Funding and Spending

The Mexican government spends a significant portion of its budget on education, with higher education receiving a considerable amount of funding. Mexico spent about 5.2% of its gross domestic product on education in 2019.

The government provides public education to all students, free of charge, up to high school. However, textbooks, school supplies, and uniforms are the responsibility of the student’s family.

5. Challenges

Despite the government’s efforts to improve the education system, Mexico still faces challenges in ensuring that all its children have access to good quality education. Issues include a shortage of qualified teachers, inadequate infrastructure, a lack of resources, and a high dropout rate, particularly in secondary education.

Furthermore, Mexico’s education system continues to be plagued by inequalities and regional disparities. Disadvantaged children in rural areas and indigenous communities often face barriers in accessing education.


How long does primary education last in Mexico?

Primary education in Mexico lasts six years, from grades one to six.

Is higher education free in Mexico?

No, higher education in Mexico is not free; however, public universities in Mexico generally have much lower tuition fees than private universities.

How many languages are spoken in Mexico?

Mexico has around 68 indigenous languages, in addition to Spanish, which is the official language.

What university degree programs are popular in Mexico?

Popular university degree programs in Mexico include engineering, economics, law, medicine, and business administration.

What percentage of the Mexican population attends college?

Approximately 35.3% of the Mexican population currently attend college.

Overall, Mexico’s education system has come a long way in recent years, with remarkable progress in expanding access and improving the quality of education. However, challenges persist, and Mexico must continue to prioritize education to help bridge its social and economic divides.