Hungarian Citizenship by Descent: A Comprehensive Guide
Hungary is a small European country, located in the heart of the continent. It has a rich history and vibrant culture, making it an attractive destination for many visitors. If you are someone who wants to learn more about your Hungarian heritage or wish to become a Hungarian citizen, you may be eligible for Hungarian citizenship by descent.
In this comprehensive guide, we’ll take a closer look at how to obtain Hungarian citizenship by descent, the benefits of having Hungarian citizenship, and the frequently asked questions about the process.
Who is eligible for Hungarian Citizenship by Descent?
Hungary has one of the most liberal citizenship by descent policies in the world. If you have Hungarian ancestry, you may be eligible for Hungarian citizenship by descent. The Hungarian citizenship law allows for citizenship to be passed on from one generation to the next, and there is no limit on the number of generations that can claim Hungarian citizenship.
To be eligible for Hungarian citizenship by descent, you must meet the following criteria:
– You must have at least one Hungarian ancestor who was a Hungarian citizen (or has ever been a Hungarian citizen) and did not lose their citizenship before you were born.
– You must be able to provide the necessary documents to prove your Hungarian ancestry and your link to the Hungarian ancestor.
It’s important to note that being born in Hungary does not automatically make you a Hungarian citizen. If neither of your parents were Hungarian citizens at the time of your birth, you would not be eligible for Hungarian citizenship.
What are the Benefits of having Hungarian Citizenship?
There are many benefits to having Hungarian citizenship, including:
– Freedom of movement: As an EU member state, Hungarian citizens have the right to live and work in any country within the EU without the need for a visa or work permit.
– Access to healthcare and education: Hungarian citizens have access to free healthcare and education in Hungary.
– Voting rights: Hungarian citizens can vote in national elections and referendums in Hungary.
– Dual citizenship: Hungary allows dual citizenship, so you can keep your current citizenship while having a Hungarian passport.
How to Obtain Hungarian Citizenship by Descent?
The process of obtaining Hungarian citizenship by descent may vary depending on where you live and the documents you have. However, these are the general steps to follow:
1. Gather Required Documents
To apply for Hungarian citizenship by descent, you will need to gather the following documents:
– Birth certificates of all family members in a direct line from your ancestor to you
– Marriage certificates of all family members in a direct line from your ancestor to you
– Death certificates (if applicable) of all family members in a direct line from your ancestor to you
– Any other documents that prove the citizenship of your ancestor (such as a Hungarian passport or citizenship certificate)
– Your own birth certificate and passport
– Proof of address and your criminal record certificate
2. Translate and Authenticate Documents
You will need to have all your documents translated into Hungarian by a certified translator. You will also need to have your documents authenticated by a Hungarian consulate or embassy.
3. Submit Application
Once you have gathered and translated/authenticated the necessary documents, you need to submit your application. You can submit your application either to the Hungarian embassy or consulate in your country of residence or directly to the Hungarian Office of Immigration and Nationality.
4. Wait for Decision
After submitting your application, you will need to wait for a decision. The decision time can vary depending on the complexity of your case, but it usually takes six to twelve months to process the application.
1. Is it possible to apply for Hungarian citizenship if I don’t speak Hungarian?
Yes, it is possible to apply for Hungarian citizenship without speaking Hungarian. However, you may need to take a Hungarian language test before receiving citizenship.
2. Can I apply for Hungarian citizenship if my ancestor was not born in Hungary?
Yes, you can apply for Hungarian citizenship even if your ancestor was not born in Hungary. However, your ancestor must have been a Hungarian citizen at some point in time.
3. How far back can I claim Hungarian citizenship?
There is no limit to how far back you can claim Hungarian citizenship. You can claim Hungarian citizenship as long as you can provide the required documents to prove your ancestry.
4. Can my family members apply for Hungarian citizenship along with me?
Yes, your family members can apply for Hungarian citizenship along with you. However, they will need to provide separate documents proving their relationship to the Hungarian ancestor.
Hungarian Citizenship by Descent is a great opportunity for those of Hungarian ancestry who want to connect with their heritage and enjoy the many benefits of being a Hungarian citizen. However, it can be a complicated process, and it’s important to gather the necessary documents and follow the correct steps. If you are considering Hungarian citizenship by descent, we recommend consulting with experts to guide you through the process.