Finland is a country located in Northern Europe. It has a rich and diverse history that spans over a thousand years. The country has had an impact on many historical events, including the Second World War. The following article provides an overview of some of the most important events in Finnish history.
The Vikings Arrive in Finland
The Vikings arrived in Finland in the ninth century. They established settlements and traded with the local people. The Finnish language and culture was influenced by the Vikings, who introduced new technology and customs.
The Union With Sweden
In the Middle Ages, Finland was part of the Swedish Empire. The country was ruled by Sweden for more than 600 years, from the 13th century until 1809. During this time, Finland developed a national identity and a unique culture that blended together both Swedish and Finnish traditions.
Finland Gains Its Independence
In 1917, Finland declared independence from Russia after the Russian Revolution. The new country was a republic and the first president was Kaarlo Juho Stahlberg. Over the next few years, Finland established itself as a prosperous and democratic state, with a strong economy and a thriving culture.
The Winter War
In 1939, the Soviet Union invaded Finland. The Finnish Army fought fiercely against the much larger Soviet army and managed to hold its ground for several months. The Winter War is seen as a defining moment in Finnish history, as it proved that the country was willing to defend itself against much larger enemies.
The Continuation War
During World War II, Finland fought against the Soviet Union again. This time, the conflict lasted from 1941 to 1944 and is known as the Continuation War. Although Finland was able to put up a strong resistance, it ultimately lost the war and was forced to make certain concessions to the Soviet Union, including ceding parts of its territory.
Finland Becomes a Member of the European Union
In 1995, Finland became a member of the European Union. This was a significant milestone for the country, which had been working to modernize its economy and establish closer ties with Europe. The EU membership helped to further strengthen Finland’s democracy and economic stability.
The Rise of Technology
In recent years, Finland has become known for its successful technology industry. Companies such as Nokia, Rovio (the makers of Angry Birds), and Supercell (the creators of Clash of Clans) have all originated from Finland. The country’s focus on research and development, as well as its investment in education, has helped to create a vibrant and innovative technology sector.
How did Finland gain its independence?
Finland declared its independence from Russia in 1917 after the Russian Revolution.
What was the Winter War?
The Winter War is the name given to the conflict between Finland and the Soviet Union in 1939-1940.
When did Finland become a member of the European Union?
Finland became a member of the European Union in 1995.
What is Finland known for in recent years?
Finland is known for its successful technology companies such as Nokia, Rovio, and Supercell.