“The size and sophistication of Iran’s missile force continues to grow despite decades of anti-proliferation efforts aimed at curbing its progress,” says the study by the US Defense Intelligence Agency, entitled “Military Power of Iran”.
The arsenal of the Islamic Republic includes ballistic missiles that could attack its regional enemies at a distance of 2,000 kilometers (1,200 miles), according to the report.
In the absence of a modern air force, “Iran has adopted ballistic missiles as a long-range attack capability to deter its adversaries in the region, particularly the United States, Israel and Saudi Arabia, from attacking Iran.”
Tehran also uses unconventional war operations and a network of militant and empowered partners to promote their interests in the region, in order to obtain a “strategic depth,” according to the study, adding that military strengthening efforts serve two objectives. important, namely “guarantee the survival of the regime and ensure a dominant position in the region.”
Much of this effort comes from the fact that Iran remains “relentlessly opposed to the United States and its presence in the Middle East.”
The director of the DIA, Lieutenant General Robert Ashley, said Iran “sees itself closer than ever to achieving its objectives.”
“By applying a rigorous process of lessons learned during decades of conflict in the Middle East, Iran has adapted its military capabilities and doctrine to take into account the events of the United States and its allies. Although it remains technologically inferior to most of its competitors, the Iranian army has made substantial progress in recent decades,”Ashley said in the introduction of the report.
Iran would develop its defense capacity more quickly if it were not for an arms embargo imposed by the UN for most of the weapons that expires in October 2020, he warned.