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This astronomical event is expected to start at 2:20 pm According to NASA, we will have a similar one next year.
This Tuesday, July 2, the countries of South America will witness a rare astronomical phenomenon that will make thousands of people see the sky: a total solar eclipse.
After two years, this astronomical event can be seen in Argentina, Chile, Bolivia, Peru and Brazil, NASA reported . It will be repeated in 2020 and in 2048.
Unlike lunar eclipses, the solar eclipses occur when the moon passes between our star and Earth, casting its shadow on the Earth ‘s surface.
But this phenomenon is particular because it registers during the day and the apparent diameter of the Moon is greater than that of the Sun, blocking almost all direct sunlight, darkening the day, which is known as umbra.
Those people who are in the thin strip where you can appreciate the full eclipse will see a solar ring and a circumference of light.
“While we are accustomed to having eclipses of Luna, those of Sol rarely have the opportunity in life to see them, it is a unique event in a person’s life,” Cristian Giuppone, an astronomer at the Cordoba Observatory, told the newspaper. Argentine Profile.
Alex Young, associate director of science at NASA, told Bloomberg that the astronomical event will reach its peak some 1,000 kilometers north of Easter Island, so the best place to appreciate it will be a 200 km strip that will travel Chile and Argentina.
Ecuador, Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay and our country will see the partial eclipse, so of course, if the weather permits. It is expected to last four minutes and 33 seconds at its peak, more than the two minutes and 40 seconds that lasted the 2017.
In our country, you can see the eclipse by 65% from the southern regions (Tacna, Moquegua and Puno). In Lima, it will be 50%, while in the north, visibility will be close to 30%, according to NASA‘s interactive map.
The total solar eclipse will begin at 2:20 p.m. (Peruvian time).
As with a lunar eclipse, people wishing to see the phenomenon will have to take a series of precautions to avoid affecting their health.
The radiation (visible and not visible) that occurs during an eclipse can affect your sight, which is why it is necessary to use sunglasses with UV protection.
The National Eclipse organization recommends seeing the eclipse for a few seconds, then looking down so that the eyes can ‘rest’. It should continue with this process still had a protector.