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Oceanographer Robert Ballard, who became known for discovering the remains of the Titanic RMS in 1985, the Battleship Bismarck in 1989 and the remains of the USS Yorktown in 1998, is preparing an expedition to find answers to one of the main mysteries of the 20th century.
Amelia Earhart, the first woman to fly alone over the Atlantic Ocean, also wanted to be a pioneer in flying around the world, but plans to circumnavigate the earth through Ecuador came to an end when she suffered a plane crash that threatened her life and that of her escort pilot Fred Noonan.
Several theories about the whereabouts of the aircraft and the two aviators have emerged over the years. The most commonly heard is that the Lockheed Electra 10E crashed in the Pacific Ocean, but some also said it had been fired by the Japanese during World War II.
The last hypothesis, based on a photograph discovered in the US National Archives. UU. Showing Amelia sitting in a port of Jaluit in the Marshall Islands, she was discarded after an expert in military history showed that the “polaroid” taken was part of a book traveling through the Pacific, written in Japanese and published on 10 October 1935, almost two years before Amelia disappeared.
The third option is also the most privileged: Amelia and Fred will have reached the remote island of Nikumaroro in the South Pacific, where in 1940, after a British expedition, human bones were found. Nikumaroro had been considered uninhabited since 1938, so the remains could belong to one of the pilots.
Eighty-one years later, the wreckage of the plane was never found by the Coast Guard, the US Navy. UU. Not even civil sailors hired by Amelia’s own husband. It is to unravel the mystery of the disappearance that the American oceanographer Robert Ballard enters the scene.
Accompanied by a notable group of scientists and technicians, Ballard will depart on August 7 aboard the E / V Nautilus from Samoa, Oceania to Nikumaroro. The trip will be for posterity in the form of a documentary entitled “Amelia Earhart Expedition” that will be aired on the National Geographic channel.
“Through cutting-edge technology and decades of evidence gathered about the disappearance, I would say that we have a good opportunity to rewrite history by solving one of the greatest mysteries of our time,” Ballard, who located the Titanic RMS, the American aircraft carrier. USS Yorktown and the German battleship Bismarck.
The International Group for the Recovery of Historic Aircraft (TIGHAR) is the main advocate that the plane is somewhere in that area. Over the years, the team has sent at least 13 expeditions, with which they obtained different DNA samples, which are still under analysis. Richard Gillespie, CEO of the Group, has specified to the Spanish “La Vanguarda” the main hypothesis, of which Ballard is also a defender.
“Amelia Earhart landed the plane on the reef at the west end of Gardner Island (now Nikumaroro). She made emergency radio calls five days before high tide and the waves dragged the plane into the ocean, leaving Earhart and Noonan shipwrecked on the island, uninhabited and without water Earhart survived for several weeks, possibly months, before dying in a camp on the southeast end of the island, his partial skeleton was discovered in 1940, but was mistakenly identified Noonan‘s fate it’s unknown,” he explained.