Romanian History and the Romanian People: What to Know

Romania is a country located in the southeastern part of Europe bordering Ukraine, Hungary, Serbia, Bulgaria, and the Black Sea. It has a long and rich history dating back to ancient times, with influences from various cultures such as the Romans, Byzantines, and Ottomans. Romanians are a diverse people with a unique culture and language that sets them apart from other European countries. In this article, we’ll delve into the history of Romania and the Romanian people, and provide answers to some commonly asked questions about Romania.

The Early Days

Romania’s early history is marked by the arrival of the Dacians, an Indo-European people who settled in the region around 2000 BCE. They were later conquered by the Roman Empire in the 2nd century AD, leading to the formation of the Roman province of Dacia. During this time, the region saw a resurgence in development and trade as Roman influence spread throughout the area. However, Roman rule was short-lived, and the Romans eventually abandoned Dacia in the 3rd century AD.

In the following centuries, Romania was ruled by various tribes and empires, including the Huns, Avars, and Bulgars. The Romanians emerged as an independent people in the 13th century, but were soon subjugated by the Ottoman Empire in the late 14th century. The Ottomans ruled Romania for over 300 years, and during this time the Romanian people struggled to maintain their identity and culture.

The Modern Era

Romania gained its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1878 and became a kingdom in 1881 under King Carol I. During this time, Romania saw a surge in economic and cultural development, leading to the construction of many impressive buildings and monuments throughout the country. Romania’s involvement in World War I led to the expansion of its territorial holdings, as it gained parts of Moldova, Bukovina, and Transylvania.

Under communist rule following World War II, Romania’s economy and political system were tightly controlled by the government. The regime of Nicolae Ceaușescu, who took power in 1965, marked a period of repression and brutality, with widespread censorship and suppression of political dissidents. Ceaușescu’s regime came to an end in 1989 following a popular uprising, and Romania began the transition to democracy and a market economy.

The Romanian People

Romanians are a unique people with a rich cultural heritage that includes traditions, cuisine, music, and language. The Romanian language is a Romance language, meaning it is derived from Latin, and is closely related to Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and French. Romania’s diverse cultural history is reflected in its cuisine, which includes influences from the Balkans, Hungary, Russia, and the Middle East. Traditional Romanian cuisine includes dishes such as sarmale (cabbage rolls), mici (grilled minced meat), and ciorbă (sour soup).

Romanians are also renowned for their music, which features a distinctive blend of Eastern European folk music and contemporary styles. The folk music of Romania includes the use of traditional instruments such as the cimbalom, a type of hammered dulcimer, and the ţambal, a type of zither. Romania has produced many notable musicians, such as Maria Tănase, a famous singer from the 1940s and 1950s, and the violinist; George Enescu, one of the greatest composers of the 20th century.


Q: What is the capital of Romania?

A: The capital of Romania is Bucharest.

Q: What is Romania’s population?

A: Romania has a population of approximately 19.5 million people.

Q: What is the official language of Romania?

A: The official language of Romania is Romanian.

Q: What are some popular tourist attractions in Romania?

A: Some popular tourist attractions in Romania include the Palace of the Parliament in Bucharest, the painted monasteries of Bucovina, and the fortified churches of Transylvania.

Q: What is the currency of Romania?

A: The currency of Romania is the leu.

Q: What is the religion of the majority of Romanians?

A: The majority of Romanians are Eastern Orthodox Christians.

In conclusion, Romania’s long history is marked by a rich cultural heritage that has influenced its cuisine, music, language, and traditions. The Romanian people are a diverse group with a unique identity, and their contributions to Europe’s cultural history should not be overlooked. Whether you’re planning a trip to Romania or simply interested in learning more about its history and culture, there is much to explore in this fascinating country.