South Korea\’s Geography: An Overview of Key Features

South Korea’s Geography: An Overview of Key Features

South Korea is located in East Asia, occupying the southern half of the Korean peninsula. The country shares its northern border with North Korea and is flanked by the Sea of Japan (East Sea) to the east, and the Yellow Sea to the west. The country’s strategic location has played a vital role in shaping its history as well as its modern-day economy.

South Korea’s topography is characterized by mountainous terrain and coastline. The country is located on the Pacific Ring of Fire, which is known for its seismic and volcanic activity. This article provides an overview of South Korea’s geography, highlighting the key features that make it unique.

South Korea’s Topography

South Korea’s topography features a diverse range of landscapes, including mountain ranges, valleys, plains, and a coastline that extends over 2,413 miles. The country’s most significant mountain ranges are the Taebaek Mountains and the Sobaek Mountains. The Taebaek Mountains run the length of the eastern coast, while the Sobaek Mountains run parallel to the western coast.

The highest peak in South Korea is Mount Hallasan, located on the southern island of Jeju. The mountain rises to an elevation of 6,398 feet and is a popular destination for hikers and nature enthusiasts. The Seorak Mountain Range, located in the northeastern part of the country, is also a popular destination for hiking and winter sports.

South Korea’s coastline is marked by numerous bays and inlets, the most significant of which is the Busan Bay. The country has several ports along its coastline, including the ports of Busan, Incheon, and Yeosu.

South Korea’s Climate

South Korea experiences a humid continental and subtropical climate, depending on the region. The country has four distinct seasons, with hot and humid summers and cold, dry winters. Spring and autumn are mild and pleasant, making them ideal times to visit the country. The monsoon season occurs from June to September, with the heaviest rainfall occurring in July and August.

South Korea’s Natural Resources

South Korea has limited natural resources, with coal, iron ore, and graphite being the most significant minerals. The country also has significant deposits of tungsten, gold, and silver. South Korea’s fishing industry is essential, with over 2 million tons of fish caught annually.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the population of South Korea?

As of 2021, South Korea’s population is estimated to be approximately 51 million.

What is the capital of South Korea?

The capital of South Korea is Seoul.

What is the official language of South Korea?

The official language of South Korea is Korean.

What are some popular tourist destinations in South Korea?

Some popular tourist destinations in South Korea include Seoul, Busan, Jeju Island, Incheon, and Gyeongju.

What is the currency of South Korea?

The currency of South Korea is the South Korean won.

What are some famous foods in South Korea?

Some famous foods in South Korea include kimchi, bibimbap, bulgogi, and Korean fried chicken.

What is the religion of South Korea?

South Korea has no official state religion, and freedom of religion is guaranteed by the constitution. The majority of South Koreans practice Buddhism or Christianity.


South Korea’s geography is characterized by mountainous terrain, a diverse coastline, and four distinct seasons. The country has limited natural resources but has managed to build a robust economy based on technology and manufacturing. South Korea’s culture and cuisine are renowned worldwide, and the country is a popular tourist destination for visitors from around the world.