The China Yutu-2 lunar vehicle has traveled more than 212 meters in the virgin territory of the hidden side of the Moon and made important discoveries.
The lunar explorer of China, Yutu-2, has driven 212.99 meters across the moon to conduct a scientific exploration in the virgin territory. According to the Lunar Space and Exploration Program Center of the National Space Administration of China, both the lander and the explorer of the Chang’e-4 probe switched to their inactive mode for the lunar night on Sunday (time from Beijing).
The Chinese probe Chang’e-4, launched on December 8, 2018, made the first soft landing in the Karman Von Crater in the South Pole Basin-Aitken on the opposite side of the moon on January 3.
A lunar day is equivalent to 14 days on Earth, a lunar night of the same duration. The Chang’e-4 probe switches to inactive mode during the lunar night due to lack of solar energy.
During the sixth moon day of the probe on the moon, the scientific instruments in the lander and rover worked well, and approximately 1,654 MB of scientific detection data was sent to the main research team for analysis.
As a result of the tidal block effect, the moon’s revolution cycle is the same as the rotation cycle, and the same side always faces Earth. The opposite side of the moon has unique characteristics, and scientists hope that the Chang’e-4 can bring innovative discoveries.
The scientific tasks of the Chang’e-4 mission include low-frequency radio astronomical observation, the study of terrain and landforms, the detection of mineral composition and superficial lunar surface structure and the measurement of neutron radiation and the neutral atoms.
Using the data obtained by the visible and near-infrared spectrometer installed on Yutu-2, a research team led by Li Chunlai, with the National Astronomical Observatories of China under the Chinese Academy of Sciences, found that the lunar soil in the area of landing The Chang’e-4 probe contains olivine and pyroxene that come from the lunar mantle inside the moon.
The discovery, recently published in the academic journal Nature, could help unravel the mystery of the composition of the lunar mantle and the formation and evolution of the Moon and Earth.
The Chang’e-4 mission represents China’s hope of combining wisdom in space exploration with four payloads developed by the Netherlands, Germany, Sweden and Saudi Arabia.